U.S. Opportunity Zones and gentrified neighborhoods NCRC has found that 69% of neighborhoods that gentrified between 2000 and 2017 are either an Opportunity Zone or they are adjacent to one. For more information on NCRC’s work on gentrification and displacement see our report here. For more information on Opportunity Zones see the following websites: https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/opportunity-zones-frequently-asked-questions […]
Bank branches matter. Countering the overwhelming messaging from many banks and even some regulators, the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) has published several reports over the years that detail how much branches still matter for consumers and communities, even in 2019. Just look at the number of branches that banks opened in the last year, and it is clear that they also know the value of a physical outpost in the community they want to serve.
In 2019, the total student loan debt in America is about $1.5 trillion. According to the New York Consumer Credit Panel, adults under 40 hold 65% of the total student loan debt. Although there has been much said about this figure, the income enhancement offered by a college degree still far outweighs the cost of the debt.
A previous NCRC analysis found that, overall, a higher percentage of banks made a higher percentage of home loans to low- and moderate-income (LMI) borrowers and communities than non-banks and credit unions. However, access to home loans is only half the battle. We also need to have information on the affordability of loans to get […]
In September 2018, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) released the results of a survey of 1,200 banks on small business lending in America. It found that small business lending is threatened by the decline of smaller banks and the reduction of bank branches in many communities. But just as revealing was what the survey didn’t find. More information that would be essential for policy and regulatory decisions remains concealed, invisible to the public.
Downtown areas in many economically vibrant and changing cities across the United States are being rapidly gentrified, according to a new study by the University of Minnesota School of Law. The study, “American Neighborhood Change in the 21st Century: Gentrification and Decline,” also found that neighborhoods in the inner-ring suburbs of these same cities, built […]
Introduction As the federal bank agencies consider Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) reform, data on the patterns of lending to low- and moderate-income (LMI) borrowers and neighborhoods will help inform needed changes. For example, if non-banks not covered by CRA were found to be making significantly higher percentages of loans to LMI borrowers or neighborhoods than […]
There is a little known public database of complaints about financial institutions that is garnering a lot of criticism from some banks and regulators. Despite this criticism, highly valuable information can be gleaned from these complaints that can help banks and other financial institutions better serve their customers. In 2010, when the Dodd-Frank Wall Street […]
Seven cities accounted for nearly half of the gentrification nationally: New York City, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Baltimore, San Diego and Chicago.
The entire Canadian housing and mortgage market has dropped off a financial cliff, which should pose as a warning for the U.S. as we talk about reforming our Government-Sponsored Enterprise (GSE) system. In 2008, when the U.S. was entering a full housing market crash, Canada took several steps to disguise the exposure of Canadian households. […]
The evidence of a strong link between redlining, racial segregation and the value of homes just got stronger.
Government maps from the 1930s offer a ‘smoking gun’ that helps explain the redlined, segregated and disinvested nucleus of more than 200 cities, which persists today.
Philadelphia has been one of the most rapidly gentrifying metro areas in the nation. A recent study by NCRC found that between 2000 and 2013, 57 neighborhoods in Philadelphia showed signs of residential gentrification. This includes the influx of large numbers of college-educated residents, booming property values, and rising incomes. Mapping these neighborhoods shows the […]
To understand why some parts of Philadelphia continue to struggle to attract investment in businesses it is critical to know about the city’s history of redlining and segregation. “Redlining” was the practice of barring lending in certain areas of cities based not just on the physical factors of the neighborhood and its housing stock, but […]
At the national level, disparities in the proportion of minority-owned and white-owned businesses have been narrowing over time. A 2012 survey of business owners indicated that while nearly 71% of businesses were white-owned, black and Hispanic entrepreneurship increased from 7.1% and 8.3% in 2007, to 9.5% and 12.2%, respectively. Unfortunately, the number of black and […]
For years, advocates have known that the Community Reinvestment Act, or CRA, helps low and moderate income communities gain access to financial services, loans, and community development investments that would otherwise be unavailable. Since 1996, over $2 trillion in community development, mortgage, and business loans were made by banks obligated to invest in their communities […]
NCRC used data collected under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act (HMDA) for the years 2012 through 2016 to calculate the sum of loan amounts made during this period for every census tract in the United States. Building upon the work of research in academia and the Federal Reserve, we […]
A new kind of investment fund with special tax incentives could steer billions in private capital to some low- and moderate-income neighborhoods.
In 1977, Congress enacted the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and required federal bank agencies to assess the record of banks in meeting needs for credit and banking services in communities in which banks are chartered. The federal bank agencies responded by creating CRA examinations that assessed banks’ performance in geographical areas containing bank branches and […]