High-cost loans are often used as a proxy for subprime or even predatory mortgages. More accurate data on the loan price would go a long way to confirming if these loans are in fact dangerous, or if the higher interest rate reflects other legitimate factors.
The result of the 2010 Dodd Frank Act, the 2015 CFPB rule and the 2018 Congressional update was the expansion of ethnicity fields in HMDA datat from one possible choice to five for both the applicant and co-applicant.
While overall banks fell short of non-banks in lending to minority applicants or in LMI neighborhoods, the banks in the top 25 performed about as well as the top non-bank lenders. But even among the top banks, lending to LMI borrowers fell far behind the top non-banks.
(Download) INTRODUCTION The Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) has leveraged trillions of dollars of loans, investments and services for low- and moderate-income (LMI) borrowers and communities. Since 1996, banks have made more than $1 trillion in community development loans, which finance affordable housing, economic development projects and community facilities for LMI communities. Likewise, banks have issued […]
Banks often tout the benefits of merging. The result depends on a variety of factors.
U.S. Opportunity Zones and gentrified neighborhoods NCRC has found that 69% of neighborhoods that gentrified between 2000 and 2017 are either an Opportunity Zone or they are adjacent to one. For more information on NCRC’s work on gentrification and displacement see our report here. For more information on Opportunity Zones see the following websites: https://www.irs.gov/newsroom/opportunity-zones-frequently-asked-questions […]
Bank branches matter. Countering the overwhelming messaging from many banks and even some regulators, the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) has published several reports over the years that detail how much branches still matter for consumers and communities, even in 2019. Just look at the number of branches that banks opened in the last year, and it is clear that they also know the value of a physical outpost in the community they want to serve.
In 2019, the total student loan debt in America is about $1.5 trillion. According to the New York Consumer Credit Panel, adults under 40 hold 65% of the total student loan debt. Although there has been much said about this figure, the income enhancement offered by a college degree still far outweighs the cost of the debt.
A previous NCRC analysis found that, overall, a higher percentage of banks made a higher percentage of home loans to low- and moderate-income (LMI) borrowers and communities than non-banks and credit unions. However, access to home loans is only half the battle. We also need to have information on the affordability of loans to get […]
In September 2018, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) released the results of a survey of 1,200 banks on small business lending in America. It found that small business lending is threatened by the decline of smaller banks and the reduction of bank branches in many communities. But just as revealing was what the survey didn’t find. More information that would be essential for policy and regulatory decisions remains concealed, invisible to the public.
Downtown areas in many economically vibrant and changing cities across the United States are being rapidly gentrified, according to a new study by the University of Minnesota School of Law. The study, “American Neighborhood Change in the 21st Century: Gentrification and Decline,” also found that neighborhoods in the inner-ring suburbs of these same cities, built […]
Introduction As the federal bank agencies consider Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) reform, data on the patterns of lending to low- and moderate-income (LMI) borrowers and neighborhoods will help inform needed changes. For example, if non-banks not covered by CRA were found to be making significantly higher percentages of loans to LMI borrowers or neighborhoods than […]
There is a little known public database of complaints about financial institutions that is garnering a lot of criticism from some banks and regulators. Despite this criticism, highly valuable information can be gleaned from these complaints that can help banks and other financial institutions better serve their customers. In 2010, when the Dodd-Frank Wall Street […]
Seven cities accounted for nearly half of the gentrification nationally: New York City, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., Philadelphia, Baltimore, San Diego and Chicago.
The entire Canadian housing and mortgage market has dropped off a financial cliff, which should pose as a warning for the U.S. as we talk about reforming our Government-Sponsored Enterprise (GSE) system. In 2008, when the U.S. was entering a full housing market crash, Canada took several steps to disguise the exposure of Canadian households. […]
The evidence of a strong link between redlining, racial segregation and the value of homes just got stronger.
Government maps from the 1930s offer a ‘smoking gun’ that helps explain the redlined, segregated and disinvested nucleus of more than 200 cities, which persists today.
Philadelphia has been one of the most rapidly gentrifying metro areas in the nation. A recent study by NCRC found that between 2000 and 2013, 57 neighborhoods in Philadelphia showed signs of residential gentrification. This includes the influx of large numbers of college-educated residents, booming property values, and rising incomes. Mapping these neighborhoods shows the […]