The importance of CRA assessment areas and bank branches

In 1977, Congress enacted the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) and required federal bank agencies to assess the record of banks in meeting needs for credit and banking services in communities in which banks are chartered. The federal bank agencies responded by creating CRA examinations that assessed banks’ performance in geographical areas containing bank branches and […]

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CityLab: How the Fair Housing Act failed black homeowners

Fair-lending enforcement would not happen in earnest until years after the Fair Housing Act, not until the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 required financial institutions go on record about what they considered their market area. The law intentionally created a conundrum for any institution that was redlining: How could it accept deposits from customers to whom it was unwilling to lend?

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