Gilbert T. Bland

Position: NCRC Board

President and chairman of the Urban League of Hampton Roads

He currently serves on the executive committee of the Virginia Chamber of Commerce and is a member of the Virginia Complete Count Commission for the 2020 Census. He is chairman of the Virginia African American Advisory Board and chairman of the Eastern Virginia Medical School Community Advisory Board, which was created to examine the past and present cultural environment of the medical school and recommend best practices.

Bland serves on the boards of Sentara Healthcare, Sentara Foundation, Randolph-Macon College, Hampton Roads Community Foundation, Elevate Early Education, Partners for College Affordability and Public Trust, and the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. He serves as board chairman and president of Healthy Neighborhood Enterprises, a community development corporation.

Bland began his career as a commercial lending officer for the Continental Bank of Chicago and served as a vice president of commercial lending for the Independence

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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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