Gentrification and Opportunity Zones

Instructions for use:
Census tracts that were eligible or which gentrified between 2000 and 2017 are highlighted in gray on the map. Click on any neighborhood for further details. Opportunity Zones were designated by the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017. Without a better understanding of the investments flowing into Opportunity Zones it will be impossible to gauge their impact on the gentrification and displacement in these communities.


Jason Richardson
Director, Research & Evaluation

Jad Edlebi
GIS Specialist, Research

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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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