Bloomberg: Banks still need a nudge to be colorblind

Bloomberg, February 15, 2018: Banks still need a nudge to be colorblind

More than 40 years ago, Congress adopted the Community Reinvestment Act to ensure that banks would serve everyone in the areas where they do business, regardless of race or class. Now, the Trump administration is considering how it might reform this long-controversial law.

Unfortunately, the Trump administration seems more interested in weakening the law than in making it work better. Mick Mulvaney, the acting director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, has started a reorganization that seems likely to loosen fair-lending enforcement. And the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, one of the agencies that examines banks, issued guidance in October calling for leniency toward institutions that have violated fair-lending laws.

The Treasury should stick to its stated aim of improving the CRA. Apply the law to all relevant lenders, conduct assessments in areas where those lenders actually do business, and publish examination reports that identify specific community-development investments, to show where the money is going and how it is being used.

Banks alone can’t reverse the effects of racism, and shouldn’t be asked to. But the credit disparities that made the CRA necessary haven’t gone away. Lenders’ actions during and after the subprime crisis showed that discrimination still happens. The law is still needed. It should be improved, not undermined.

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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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