Medium: In Atlantic City, the Legacy of Segregation and Redlining Endures

Medium, November 14, 2019: In Atlantic City, the Legacy of Segregation and Redlining Endures

Redlining left a legacy of segregation and inequality. According to a study by The National Community Reinvestment Coalition:

[T]wo thirds of the neighborhoods deemed “hazardous” are inhabited, typically by Blacks and Latinos [today], researchers found. Cities with more such neighborhoods have significantly greater economic inequality. On the flip side, 91% of areas classified as “best” in the 1930s remain middle- to upper-income today, and 85% of them are still predominantly white.

There is no “past” effect of redlining, as the effect of its impact is clear today.

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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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