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York Daily Record: Redlining in York: How government policies kept African Americans poor and segregated

York Daily Record, September 4, 2019: Redlining in York: How government policies kept African Americans poor and segregated

Like most Southern blacks who moved north of the Mason-Dixon Line in those days, the Grimes family came to York in search of a better life, and the likelihood of settling in a tiny house on an alley was part of that journey. They hoped to build from there.

They probably did not know that multiple levels of government were working to keep them in the alley.

National Community Reinvestment Coalition says that redlining buttressed the segregated nature of cities.

“Most of the neighborhoods (74%) that the HOLC graded as high-risk or ‘Hazardous’ eight decades ago are low-to-moderate income (LMI) today,” the group’s website states. “Additionally, most of the HOLC graded ‘Hazardous’ areas (nearly 64%) are minority neighborhoods now.”

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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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