The Washington Post: Black men in D.C. are expected to die 17 years earlier than White men. Here’s why.

The Washington Post, August 27, 2020: Black men in D.C. are expected to die 17 years earlier than White men. Here’s why.

Samuel Mingle, 55, grew up in Ward 8. The closest grocery store to him was a 30-minute walk away.

Mingle, who is Black and has Type 2 diabetes, never questioned why he had to travel so far.

“When you’re living your life, you’re just living to the best of your ability,” he said. “You don’t know that you’re not in the know about a lot of things in the area.”

But the distance between home and a grocery store can lead to some people living longer than others. Heart disease, which can be caused by an unhealthy diet, was a major reason Black residents in the District died earlier than White residents in 2016, according to a new study published in Nature on Thursday.

The study’s researchers set out to better understand the District’s life expectancy gap.
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Redlining and Neighborhood Health

Before the pandemic devastated minority communities, banks and government officials starved them of capital.

Lower-income and minority neighborhoods that were intentionally cut off from lending and investment decades ago today suffer not only from reduced wealth and greater poverty, but from lower life expectancy and higher prevalence of chronic diseases that are risk factors for poor outcomes from COVID-19, a new study shows.

The new study, from the National Community Reinvestment Coalition (NCRC) with researchers from the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee Joseph J. Zilber School of Public Health and the University of Richmond’s Digital Scholarship Lab, compared 1930’s maps of government-sanctioned lending discrimination zones with current census and public health data.

Table of Content

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Redlining, the HOLC Maps and Segregation
  • Segregation, Public Health and COVID-19
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion and Policy Recommendations
  • Citations
  • Appendix

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